Lima COP20 | CMP 10 / National Contributions

National Contributions


What are National Contributions?

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) are a commitment made by the international community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, according to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and not to exceed the 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

Furthermore, they are key contributions to the negotiations on the new global climate agreement in the COP21, to be held in Paris.

What shall include a National Contribution?

The INDC shall be determined by the Parties considering their national circumstances, and they will provide information on the level of national ambition for greenhouse gas reduction and how it contributes to the UNFCCC’s ultimate goal. It shall also present the work plan, implementation strategy, monitoring mechanisms, as well as the quantifiable information on mitigation, such as:

  • Benchmark, including base year.
  • Implementation periods.
  • Sectoral scope, gasses and geographical coverage.
  • Planning processes.
  • Methodological approaches, including those for estimating and measuring anthropogenic GHG emissions and absorptions.

What is the deadline to submit the National Contributions?

The initial deadline to present the INDC is March 2015 for developed Parties and those prepared to do so, and October 2015 for those who were not able to do it sooner. With this information, the UNFCCC Secretariat will prepare a report summarizing the INDCs submitted by the Parties as of October 01, 2015.

What countries have already submitted their National Contributions?

A total of 146 countries, representing almost 87 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, have submitted their intended national climate action plans to the United Nations.